Sprinkler Leak Detection
A sprinkler system is basically an active emergency fire protection system, consisting of an incoming water supply line, supplying sufficient flowrate and pressure to a plumbing system, on which fire sprinklers are attached. This system also includes a valve, which can be controlled either by a manually or automatically set on to open or close the flow of water. The water thus directed towards the sprinkler heads is controlled by a switch installed in a control box, usually located in the roof above the area of the fire, or in a wall close to it. Sprinkler heads are generally made of flexible metal, thermoplastic rubber or plastic elastomeric, or polyurethane, in a nozzle made of the same material.
Generally, the supply of water is controlled by opening or closing a valve, by a float switch activated by a household appliance pump, or by a timer-controlled device such as a rain gauge connected to a timer or actuator, or combinations of both. The system generates an adjustable pressure through variable resistivity or the expansion or contraction of the inside tank, and the heads are located above the area of the water that is to be sprinkled. In most systems, heads are placed at a fixed point, either in the ground or in a nearby structure, which creates an area of low water pressure. As the water flows slowly across the ground or in a nearby structure, the heads adjust the water pressure so that the pressure at the sprinkler valves is equalized with the outside atmospheric pressure.
Sprinkler systems may have multiple timers, which allow a homeowner to manually control the watering of lawns. Timers can be set to turn on the water at pre-determined intervals throughout the day. Some lawns may require water to be turned on for a longer period, such as after dark. These timers can be set to start before the grass is completely growing, at the height of the growing season, or after the grass has partially grown. Timers can be used to water lawns at various stages of the growing season, to give homeowners an opportunity to water their lawns before new growth begins, or after the grass has finished growing.
A homeowner’s sprinkler and irrigation equipment system consist of two main components: the main sprinkler body and the supply manifold, which are installed in a vehicle such as a stand-up sprinkler truck. The main body is generally made of molded plastic materials and contains the actual parts of the system, such as the timer, the supply manifold, and the motor. The body is usually constructed in a single-stage, single-roof configuration. These types of units use the most commonly available, reliable supplies. However, more expensive and modern dual-stage units using vanadium-based materials and a variety of high-tech materials are available.
One of the most common problems with older systems involves the operation of the timer. When the valves or the switch inside the supply manifold aren’t working correctly, the timer will not function properly or provide uniform watering. Most often, this is caused by a slow or faulty connection between the timer control valve and the supply switch, or possibly a slow rotation in the supply switch. In order to correct this problem, one must first determine where the problem is originating. For instance, if the timer control valve is slowing down but not resetting, one must locate the switch so that it is rotating in the clockwise direction.
Another common problem is poor operation of the solenoid or control switch, which controls the flow of the water through the sprinkler system. Problems may occur when there is a low operating pressure or slow rotation speed of the solenoid. These issues can cause excessive spray back, which dries the grass and deters the beneficial movement of the sprinklers. This problem can usually be repaired by replacing the part.
Lastly, leakages in the pipes are a major source of concern for all irrigation systems and sprinkler systems, whether they are commercial or residential. Leaks must be repaired and replaced by a certified plumbing professional. This task can be completed quickly and easily by utilizing a tape measure and small screwdriver. Some of the most common causes of pipe blockage are:
Preventing these types of problems is simple. Waterproofing the joints between the different parts of the sprinkler irrigation system is the most effective way to protect the system from these types of failures. A commercial or residential sprinkler system should be thoroughly inspected at least once a year by a certified technician to determine the cause of any leaks. By doing this simple inspection, you will save yourself thousands of dollars as well as a significant amount of time. For more information on commercial and residential plumbing services, please contact a trusted water damage service provider today.